Download E-books Lenin's Laureate: Zhores Alferov's Life in Communist Science (Transformations: Studies in the History of Science and Technology) PDF

By Paul R. Josephson

In 2000, Russian scientist Zhores Alferov shared the Nobel Prize for Physics for his discovery of the heterojunction, a semiconductor gadget the sensible purposes of which come with LEDs, fast transistors, and the microchip. The Prize used to be the end result of a profession in Soviet technology that spanned the eras of Stalin, Khrushchev, and Gorbachev--and keeps this day within the postcommunist Russia of Putin and Medvedev. In Lenin's Laureate, historian Paul Josephson tells the tale of Alferov's existence and paintings and examines the bureaucratic, fiscal, and ideological stumbling blocks to doing state-sponsored clinical learn within the Soviet Union. Lenin and the Bolsheviks outfitted powerful associations for medical examine, rectifying years of overlook below the Czars. Later generations of scientists, together with Alferov and his colleagues, reaped the advantages, attaining very important breakthroughs: the 1st nuclear reactor for civilian strength, an early fusion machine, and, after all, the Sputnik satellite tv for pc. Josephson's account of Alferov's profession finds the strengths and weaknesses of Soviet science--a schizophrenic setting of state of the art examine and political interference. Alferov, born right into a relatives of Communist loyalists, joined the celebration in 1967. He supported Gorbachev's reforms within the Nineteen Eighties, yet later grew to become pissed off through the recession-plagued postcommunist state's failure to fund clinical learn safely. An elected member of the Russian parliament on account that 1995, he makes use of his status as a Nobel laureate to guard Russian technological know-how from additional cutbacks. Drawing on broad archival examine and the author's personal discussions with Alferov, Lenin's Laureate deals a different account of Soviet technological know-how, provided opposed to the backdrop of the USSR's turbulent heritage from the revolution via perestroika.

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Download E-books One Day That Shook the Communist World: The 1956 Hungarian Uprising and Its Legacy PDF

By Paul Lendvai

On October 23, 1956, a well-liked rebellion opposed to Soviet rule swept via Hungary like a strength of nature, merely to be mercilessly beaten through Soviet tanks twelve days later. merely now, fifty years after these harrowing occasions, can the entire tale be informed. This ebook is a robust eyewitness account and a gripping background of the rebellion in Hungary that heralded the longer term liberation of japanese Europe.

Paul Lendvai used to be a tender journalist overlaying politics in Hungary whilst the rebellion broke out. He knew the govt. officers and revolutionaries concerned. He used to be at the entrance traces of the scholar protests and the bloody highway fights and he observed the progressive govt smashed via the crimson military. during this riveting, deeply own, and infrequently irreverent publication, Lendvai weaves his personal reviews with in-depth reportage to solve the complicated chain of occasions top as much as and together with the rebellion, its brutal suppression, and its far-reaching political repercussions in Hungary and neighboring jap Bloc nations. He attracts upon unique interviews with Russian and previous KGB officers, survivors of the Soviet backlash, and kin of these achieved. He finds new facts from closed tribunals and files stored mystery in Soviet and Hungarian data. Lendvai's breathtaking narrative exhibits how the rebellion, whereas tragic, introduced a gorgeous blow to Communism that helped to finally lead to its demise.

One Day That Shook the Communist World is the simplest account of those unheard of events.

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Download E-books Stalin: The First In-depth Biography Based on Explosive New Documents from Russia's Secret Archives PDF

From the writer of The final Tsar, the 1st full-scale lifetime of Stalin to have what no earlier biography has completely gotten carry of: the evidence. Granted privileged entry to Russia's mystery files, Edvard Radzinsky paints an image of the Soviet strongman as extra calculating, ruthless, and blood-crazed than has ever been defined or imagined. Stalin was once a guy for whom strength used to be all, terror an invaluable weapon, and deceit a relentless spouse.

As Radzinsky narrates the excessive drama of Stalin's epic quest for domination-first in the Communist occasion, then over the Soviet Union and the world-he uncovers the startling fact approximately this such a lot enigmatic of historic figures. simply now, within the post-Soviet period, can what used to be suppressed learn: Stalin's long-denied involvement with terrorism as a tender innovative; the the most important value of his misunderstood, behind-the-scenes function in the course of the October Revolution; his frequently adversarial courting with Lenin; the main points of his association of terror, culminating within the notorious exhibit trials of the Thirties; his mystery dealings with Hitler, and the way they backfired; and the scary plans he was once making prior to his demise to ship the Soviet Union's Jews to focus camps-tantamount to a possible moment Holocaust. Radzinsky additionally takes an intimate examine Stalin's inner most lifestyles, marked through his turbulent courting together with his spouse Nadezhda, and recreates the situations that resulted in her suicide.

As he did in The final Tsar, Radzinsky thrillingly brings the prior to existence. The Kremlin intrigues, the ceaseless around of double-dealing and back-stabbing, the non-public worlds of the Soviet Empire's ruling class-all develop into, in Radzinsky's arms, as gripping and strong because the nice Russian sagas. And the riddle of that almost all cold-blooded of leaders, a guy for whom not anything used to be sacred in his pursuit of absolute might--and might be the best mass assassin in Western history--is solved.

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Download E-books The Tiananmen Papers: The Chinese Leadership's Decision to Use Force Against Their Own People - in Their Own Words PDF

THE TIANANMEN PAPERS, which includes records unearthed from the guarded middle of the chinese language Politburo, is an important publication on China released in a long time. It finds the highest-level strategies of decision-making through the tumultuous occasions surrounding the poor bloodbath in Tiananmen sq. on four June 1989. Drawn from approximately 2,000 files, THE TIANANMEN PAPERS were compiled and edited as a part of a rare collaboration among America's so much well-known China students and a handful of chinese language those that have risked their lives to acquire them. The chinese language pro-democracy demonstrations in 1989 have been the most lasting and so much influential on the earth. THE TIANANMEN PAPERS exposes the determined clash throughout the interval between a couple of robust leaders, whose personalities emerge with extraordinary vividness. Its revelations of an important occasion in sleek chinese language historical past may have a profound impression not just in China, yet in each state on the planet that bargains with China.

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Download E-books The German Revolution, 1917-1923 (Historical Materialism Books (Haymarket Books)) PDF

“Broué allows us to believe that we're truly dwelling via those epoch-making events…. [D]o no longer leave out this really good work.”—Robert Brenner, UCLA

A magisterial, definitive account of the upheavals in Germany within the wake of the Russian revolution. Broué meticulously reconstitutes six decisive years, 1917-23, of social struggles in Germany. the implications of the defeat of the German revolution had profound outcomes for the world.

Pierre Broué (1926-2005) used to be for a few years Professor of up to date background on the Institut d’études politiques in Grenoble and was once a global popular professional at the communist and overseas staff’ movements.

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Download E-books Trouble in Paradise: From the End of History to the End of Capitalism PDF

In Trouble in Paradise, Slavoj Žižek, considered one of our most famed, such a lot combative philosophers, explains how we will be able to have the ability out of the difficulty of capitalism.
 
there's evidently hassle within the worldwide capitalist paradise. yet why can we locate it so tricky to visualize a manner out of the situation we are in? it really is as though the difficulty feeds on itself: the march of capitalism has develop into inexorable, the single video game in town.
 
getting down to diagnose the situation of world capitalism, the ideological constraints we're confronted with in our day-by-day lives, and the awful destiny promised by means of the program, Slavoj Žižek explores the possibilities—and the traps—of new emancipatory struggles.
 
Drawing insights from phenomena as diversified as “Gangnam type” to Marx, The darkish Knight to Thatcher, Trouble in Paradise is an incisive dissection of the realm we inhabit, and the hot order to come back.

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Download E-books The Ghost of the Executed Engineer: Technology and the Fall of the Soviet Union PDF

By Loren R. Graham

Stalin ordered his execution, yet the following Peter Palchinsky has the final word. Palchinsky tells of Soviet expertise and undefined, the errors he condemned in his lifetime, the corruption and cave in he expected, the final word expense paid for silencing those that weren't afraid to talk out. the tale of this visionary engineer’s lifestyles and paintings, as Graham tells it, can also be the tale of the Soviet Union’s commercial promise and failure.

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Download E-books Decentralized Authoritarianism in China: The Communist Party's Control of Local Elites in the Post-Mao Era PDF

By Pierre F. Landry

China, like many authoritarian regimes, struggles with the strain among the necessity to foster monetary improvement by means of empowering neighborhood officers and the regime's crucial to manage them politically. Landry explores how the chinese language Communist social gathering (CCP) manages neighborhood officers for you to meet those ambitions and perpetuate an strangely decentralized authoritarian regime. utilizing precise facts accrued on the municipal, county, and village point, Landry examines intimately how the promoting mechanisms for neighborhood cadres have allowed the CCP to present officers for the improvement in their localities with out weakening political keep an eye on. His examine indicates that the CCP's group of workers administration procedure is a key consider explaining China's enduring authoritarianism and proves convincingly that decentralization and authoritarianism can paintings hand in hand.

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